Laar, A., Sutherland, E., Gage, A. J., and Ghana KYR Study Group. (2016)
“Knowing” an HIV response in a country is a complex undertaking. This requires knowing what actions key implementers in all sectors (government, non-government, public, and private) are deploying; what populations they serve; what the reach of these programs are, amongst others.
We aimed to pilot test a set of newly developed data collection tools referred to as the Know Your Response (KYR) toolkit in Ghana. The KYR toolkit addresses three key concepts that are critical for an improved understanding of the HIV-prevention response in terms of location, scale, and needs.
Materials and methods
Data were collected on HIV programming being undertaken in each of the 16 metropolitan, municipal, and district assemblies (MMDAs) in the Greater Accra region of Ghana. Analysis and dissemination of data includes the generation of univariate and bivariate tabulations as well as production of maps of HIV services using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology.
The toolkit was successful in collecting a great deal of data that describe, at the district level, who is working in HIV prevention, what interventions they are providing, where these interventions are being provided, and to whom the interventions are being targeted. The data generated allows for mapping and understanding of the scope and scale of the HIV-prevention response at the district level. It also identifies challenges and opportunities for scaling the exercise nationally.
The study provides information needed to guide prioritization, and/or adjustment of the national HIV-prevention programs and interventions being carried out in the Greater Accra region.